What is Endocrinology

Endocrinology is the study of hormone glands both in health and disease. The main hormone glands are the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroids, adrenals, endocrine pancreas, ovaries & testes.

Neuroendocrine tumours are benign and malignant tumours that secrete a variety of hormones and can occur at many sites in the body and can cause diverse symptoms.

Endocrine diseases encompass hormone deficiencies, pathological excess hormone secretion and benign and malignant tumours of hormone glands. The latter can run in families. Hormone imbalances are also investigated and managed by endocrinologists but are not generally classed as diseases as they can resolve spontaneously.

Endocrinology also encompasses issues in relation to puberty and menopause. Many endocrine diseases can affect bone health and endocrinologists also manage bone problems like osteoporosis.

Endocrinologists are often involved in the investigation of fertility issues because problems with hormone production can often interfere with fertility. When sub-fertility is due to hormone issues, the problem can sometimes be easily treated with tablets alone to restore fertility.

There are a number of brain hormones that control appetite and satiety and endocrinology also includes the study of medical weight management.

I treat and manages all types of endocrine diseases including problems with all the main hormone glands, puberty and menopause and medical weight management. Almost all of these problems need specialist endocrine assessment and treatment.

Therefore I do not focus on endocrine disease management on this website. However many hormone issues once treated can be optimised with self motivated lifestyle and activity approaches. So many of my patients, who need to  see me for consultations and treatment will, also benefit from the information on this website.image

Dr Annice Mukherjee, Hormone Consultant & Fatigue Expert